Monday, 23 October 2017

Jeeves at his garden

There is only one referencial source of happiness: Mother Nature.
So, take the japanese advise and find a garden. Take a “Green Bath”. Feel the earth and watch “your” trees and plants grow.
Jeeves has a little cabin and a “landscape” garden in the best tradition of the Dutch “Volkstuinen”.

Saturday, 21 October 2017

Agatha Christie's Greenway A Home In Devon. VIDEO below

Greenway, also known as Greenway House, is an estate on the River Dart near Galmpton in Devon, England. Once the home of famed mystery author Agatha Christie, it is now owned by the National Trust.
t was first mentioned in 1493 as "Greynway", the crossing point of the Dart to Dittisham. In the late 16th century a Tudor mansion called Greenway Court was built by the Gilbert family. Greenway was the birthplace of Humphrey Gilbert. The present Georgian house was probably built in the late 18th century by Roope Harris Roope and extended by subsequent owners. The gardens may have been remodelled by landscape gardener Humphry Repton.
Greenway was bought by Agatha Christie and her husband Max Mallowan in 1938. The house was occupied by Christie and Mallowan until their deaths in 1976 and 1978 respectively, and featured, under various guises, in several of Christie's novels. Christie's daughter Rosalind Hicks and her husband Anthony lived in the house from 1968, until Rosalind's death in 2004.
The Greenway Estate was acquired by the National Trust in 2000. Greenway House is a Grade II* listed building. The gardens and parkland are Grade II listed in the National Register of Historic Parks and Gardens. The house and gardens are open to the public, as is the Barn Gallery. The large riverside gardens contain plants from the southern hemisphere, whilst the Barn Gallery shows work by contemporary local artists.

Agatha Christie frequently used places familiar to her as settings for her plots. Greenway Estate and its surroundings in their entirety or in parts are described in the following novels:

Five Little Pigs (1942)
The main house, the foot path leading from the main house to the battery overlooking the river Dart and the battery itself (where the murder occurs) are described in detail since the movements of the novel's protagonist at these locations are integral to the plot and the denouement of the murderer.

Towards Zero (1944)
The location of the estate opposite the village of Dittisham, divided from each other by the river Dart, plays an important part for the alibi and a nightly swim of one of the suspects.

Dead Man's Folly (1956)
The boat house of Greenway Estate is described as the spot where the first victim is discovered, and the nearby ferry landing serves as the place where the second real murder victim is dragged into the water for death by drowning. Other places described are the greenhouse and the tennis court, where Mrs. Oliver placed real clues and red herrings for the "murder hunt". The lodge of Greenway Estate serves as the home of Amy Folliat, the former owner of Nasse House.

ITV's Agatha Christie's Poirot episode "Dead Man's Folly" was filmed there.

Agatha Christie's home Greenway opens to the Devon public
Sophie Campbell gets a first peek at Agatha Christie’s holiday home, Greenway, which is now open to the public .
By Sophie Campbell11:14AM GMT 24 Feb 2009

Set into one side of the front portico at Greenway, Agatha Christie's former holiday home in South Devon, is an unobtrusive sandstone plaque. It is incised with arcane characters, like little rows of camping stools, and it was brought back from Iraq by her archaeologist husband, Sir Max Mallowan.
"Cuneiform script, from Nineveh," says Robyn Brown automatically, eyes busy elsewhere. "It should probably be in the British Museum." Brown is the National Trust's property manager at Greenway and has been overseeing the complex, labour-intensive two-year project to open the house and gardens to the public. We re-examine the golden slab for a second. "He wrote two books on Nineveh here at the house," she adds. "She never wrote here at all."
And there you have it, the key to Greenway, which opens to the public for the first time today. You won't see a writing desk, or a study used by the great crime writer when completing one of her 79 mysteries, although she came here every summer from 1938 until her death in 1976. There is no physic garden stocked with deadly nightshade or spotted hemlock. And while three novels and a couple of murders are recognisably set here (the artist Amyas Crale dies in the garden after drinking hemlock-laced beer, and the girl guide Marlene Tucker is found strangled in the boathouse), none were written in the house. Christie saw Greenway as a place of relaxation, not of work, as a chance to enjoy family, friends and the benevolent surroundings of the River Dart. It was also somewhere to indulge the family passion – or obsession – for collecting.
Greenway is a very Devonian house. It is no-fuss Georgian, the colour of clotted cream, beautifully sited on land swooping down to the river, and on sunny days – this is, after all, the English Riviera – it soaks up the rays until dusk. It occupies its own promontory on a bit of the river that bulges like a newly fed python, surrounded on three sides by water and backed by woods of ash, beech, Monterey pine and vast swathes of camellia and rhododendron.
It must have been an utterly private retreat, used first by the Mallowans, then by Christie's daughter Rosalind Hicks and her second husband Anthony – a talented gardener – who gifted it to the National Trust in 2000. After their deaths Christie's grandson, Mathew Prichard, donated all the contents as well, making Greenway a unique treasure. It is also a logistical nightmare; parking is desperately limited, access roads are narrow and they expect more than 600 visitors a day during the peak summer season. Frantic signals are going out to persuade people to come by boat (starting from Dartmouth and Dittisham this weekend), bus, bike, foot – anything but by car. What they are going to do with people like me, who decide to visit on a whim and just turn up, I hate to think.
The family would have entered the house through the portico facing the river, stepping into a simple three-storey façade, which had side extensions added in the early 19th century. We have to enter through a side route, but the interior has been planned to feel much as though the Hicks family is still in residence. The hall has a studded leather Baghdad chest, another Mallowan find, in which a body was discovered in one of his wife's novels. It also still has the dinner gong – which was beaten each evening, apparently, by the young Mathew to summon the adults to dine. In the inner hall, old gardening hats and a scarf lie on the table beside a white leather lifebelt with "Greenway House" painted on it.
It's in the library, though, that you first begin to realise that this was no ordinary family. The room looks straight out over the glorious river view, so its shades are pulled down to block the light, but even the dimness can't hide the shelves protected with neatly folded white tissue paper, furniture under creamy dust sheets and dozens of objects, each with its own ghostly nimbus of plastic (some of these coverings will remain until the formal opening, in June, as building work continues). Beneath the covers I can see tantalising details: the shiny yellow beaks and feet of a pair of Meissen eagles; part of the Hicks' ceramics collection, which also includes superb pieces by potters such as the Leaches and others. There is the bargeware – populist pottery, often with an inscription stamped on it – collected by Mallowan, the Hicks' studio glass and Rosalind Hicks' collection of books, including a complete set of Christie novels.
Around the walls is a blue-and-white mural painted by an American officer during the Second World War. The house was requisitioned and when the soldiers left, Christie kept the mural – which she considered a war memorial – but not the 14 latrines that they had built in the house. It was said that the dozens of magnolias in the garden – another collecting tic, which included a sumptuous creamy pink magnolia grandiflora planted by Mallowan, still erupting behind the Trust shop – reminded the officers of the scented blooms of steamy Louisiana.
The Morning Room is hung with Christie's collection of shell paintings, made by sailors for their sweethearts using shells painstakingly collected on their voyages. The Drawing Room holds the shelves of highly sentimental pottery belonging to her parents and grandmother. Elsewhere there are tapestries collected by Mathew Prichard's godparents, wooden Mauchline ware souvenirs collected by Anthony Hicks and Christie, and a cabinet of Verge watches belonging to Rosalind Hicks. There are papier maché objects inlaid with mother-of-pearl, and a charming collection of Stevengraphs – little silk bookmarks or pictures made by Thomas Stevens, a Coventry silk ribbon manufacturer – featuring early fire engines, English sports and mail coaches.
There is something delightful about it all. Not necessarily aesthetically (I still shudder at the thought of one piece of china, probably worth a fortune, featuring a parakeet screeching across the summit of what looks like a mountain of blue and white marshmallows), but because of its unpretentiousness and its ardour. You can almost feel the quiet, happy hours spent researching, hunting and later gloating over new acquisitions. Although Christie's taste in collectables was essentially Victorian, Greenway's simple colour scheme gives it the feel of a Modernist interior and a distinct sense that it has slid to an easy halt somewhere in the sunny Fifties or Sixties.
I take a walk down to the boathouse, zigzagging down through what feel like distinct climatic zones; glossy laurels and camellias giving way to delicate bamboos and shrubs as the land slides into the water. The boathouse looks out across slippery seaweed steps (a swift push, perhaps by a butler with a tray of cocktails… it's difficult not to start planning murders) to the Scold's Stone, marked by a red flag in mid-channel. This is where disobedient wives were apparently trussed up to drown in medieval times; those who failed to do so were stoned to death. I have a feeling that the camellia garden along the path was where Crale met his death at the bottom of a beer glass. In the end, I scuttle back up to the house, happier to be strolling through the walled gardens to see the peach and nectarine houses slumped against a south-facing wall, and soon to be restored to their full, fragrant glory.
As my visit ends, calls are coming in from France, Russia, China, Australia and elsewhere, requesting filming permission, visits and interviews. The house has filled with National Trust personnel assessing the best ways for visitors to be moved efficiently through the rooms.
The builders are finishing the visitor centre and running last-minute checks on the green heating and waste disposal systems. The smart new shop is being stocked with Trust products and Agatha Christie novels. There is a sense that nothing will ever be the same again at Greenway; all those billions of words are coming home to roost.

Tuesday, 17 October 2017

"Nucky" / Vintage / "Apaches"

The importance of "The Vintage showroom" for the collectors of Vintage is well known
But what about the private collectors ? 
Watch Out for "Nucky"
Tweedland revisits also the lost and forgotten world of the Paris "Apaches" 
JEEVES / Tweedland

 Apaches est un terme générique qui sert à désigner des bandes criminelles du Paris de la Belle Époque. Ce terme, qui fait florès vers 1900, résulte d'une construction médiatique basée sur un fait divers. En 1902, deux journalistes parisiens, Arthur Dupin et Victor Morris, nomment ainsi les petits truands et voyous de la rue de Lappe et « marlous » de Belleville, qui se différencient de la pègre et des malfrats par leur volonté de s'afficher.
Les Apaches se déplacent en bandes, avec des accoutrements spécifiques qui leur permettent de se distinguer. L'élément le plus important de leur habillement réside dans les chaussures. Quelles qu'elles soient, elles se doivent de briller, surtout aux yeux de leur bande ou de leur dulcinée. Un Apache n'hésitera d'ailleurs devant rien pour s'approprier la paire de bottines jaunes plus importante que son veston en lustrine noire (ou le bourgeron bleu) semi-ouvert sur une chemise fripée ou un tricot rayé et une ceinture en flanelle rouge, le pantalon patte d'éph de Bénard1 ou la casquette à pont (casquette à haute passe2) vissée au-dessus d'une nuque rasée et des cheveux lisses et pommadés ramenés en accroche-cœur3. Originaires des quartiers hauts de l'est parisien, comme Ménilmuche ou Belleville, ils investissent à la nuit tombée la Bastoche ou la Mouff'. Pour subvenir à leurs besoins, ils pratiquent, selon leur âge et leur expérience, le bonneteau (arnaque de rue), le proxénétisme ou encore l'escroquerie. Certains sont d'ailleurs particulièrement violents, n'hésitant pas à commettre des homicides.
La présence et le rôle actif des femmes dans les méfaits attribués aux Apaches ainsi que le libéralisme des attitudes qu'elles adoptent et affichent volontairement tranchent avec les mentalités de l'époque. Un exemple particulièrement relaté dans la presse du rôle des femmes dans cet univers fut celui d'Amélie Élie, immortalisée ensuite par Simone Signoret dans le film Casque d'or de Jacques Becker, et qui fut au centre d'une lutte entre deux souteneurs, Leca et Manda, en 1902.
Plus de 30 000 rôdeurs contre 8 000 sergents de ville : L'apache est la plaie de Paris. Nous démontrons plus loin, dans notre « Variété », que, depuis quelques années, les crimes de sang ont augmenté dans d'invraisemblables proportions. On évalue aujourd'hui à au moins 70 000 le nombre de rôdeurs — presque tous des jeunes gens de quinze à vingt ans — qui terrorisent la capitale. Et, en face de cette armée encouragée au mal par la faiblesse des lois répressives et l'indulgence inouïe des tribunaux, que voyons-nous ?... 8 000 agents pour Paris, 800 pour la banlieue et un millier à peine d'inspecteurs en bourgeois pour les services dits de sûreté. Ces effectifs qui, depuis quinze ans n'ont guère été modifiés, sont absolument insuffisants pour une population dont l'ensemble — Paris et banlieue — atteint, le chiffre énorme de 4 millions d'habitants. C'est ce que nous avons voulu démontrer dans la composition si artistique et si vivement suggestive qui fait le sujet de notre première gravure. »
« J'ai vu souvent des gens s'étonner de cette dénomination appliquée aux jeunes rôdeurs parisiens, dénomination dont ceux-ci se glorifient d'ailleurs, et il m'a paru curieux d'en rechercher l'origine. Je vous la donne telle qu'elle me fut contée.
C'est au commissariat de Belleville que, pour la première fois, ce terme fut appliqué à nos jeunes malandrins des faubourgs. Ce soir-là, le secrétaire du commissariat interrogeait une bande de jeunes voyous qui, depuis quelque temps, ensanglantait Belleville par ses rixes et ses déprédations et semait la terreur dans tout le quartier. La police, enfin, dans un magistral coup de filet, avait réussi à prendre toute la bande d'un seul coup, et les malandrins, au nombre d'une douzaine, avaient été amenés au commissariat où le « panier à salade » allait bientôt venir les prendre pour les mener au Dépôt. En attendant, les gredins subissaient un premier interrogatoire. Aux questions du secrétaire, le chef de la bande, une jeune « Terreur » de dix-huit ans, répondait avec un cynisme et une arrogance extraordinaires. Il énumérait complaisamment ses hauts faits et ceux de ses compagnons, expliquait avec une sorte d'orgueil les moyens employés par lui et par ses acolytes pour dévaliser les magasins, surprendre les promeneurs attardés et les alléger de leur bourse ; les ruses de guerre, dont il usait contre une bande rivale avec laquelle lui et les siens étaient en lutte ouverte. Il faisait de ses exploits une description si pittoresque, empreinte d'une satisfaction si sauvage, que le secrétaire du commissariat l'interrompit soudain et s'écria :
Apaches !... le mot plut au malandrin... Apaches ! Il avait lu dans son enfance les récits mouvementés de Mayne Reid, de Gustave Aimard et de Gabriel Ferry... Apaches !... oui l'énergie sombre et farouche des guerriers du Far West était assez comparable à celle que déployaient aux alentours du boulevard extérieur les jeunes scélérats qui composaient sa bande... Va, pour Apaches! Quand les gredins sortiront de prison — ce qui ne dut pas tarder, vu l'indulgence habituelle des tribunaux — la bande se reconstitua sous les ordres du même chef, et ce fut la bande des « Apaches de Belleville ». Et puis le terme fit fortune. Nous eûmes bientôt des tribus d'apaches dans tous les quartiers de Paris : tant et si bien que le mot prit son sens définitif et qu'on ne désigna plus, autrement les rôdeurs de la grande ville. Aujourd'hui l'expression est consacrée ; la presse l'emploie journellement, car les apaches ne laissent pas passer un jour sans faire parler d'eux... Il ne manque plus que de la voir accueillie par le dictionnaire de l'Académie... »
La paternité de l'expression est attribuée aux rédacteurs en chef des principaux journaux de l'époque qui relataient les faits de ces voyous (Le Matin et Le Petit Journal).
Une mise en avant croissante de grands procès apportent leur lot de fascination pour une frange de la population. Mais il faut sans doute aussi évoquer le rôle des grands journaux parisiens qui n'hésitent pas à mettre à la une les « exploits » de ces bandes et à entretenir ce sentiment d'insécurité, qui alimente le phénomène.
La population des faubourgs, initialement effrayée par ces bandes, de même que les patrons des troquets, les bougnats, des Auvergnats qui ne tardent pas à être assimilés aux yeux du peuple à ces malfrats, finissent par les lâcher sous la pression des journaux et les efforts de la police. En 1920, on commence à abandonner le terme d'Apaches, sans doute aussi à la suite des nombreuses pertes engendrées par la Première Guerre mondiale sur cette classe d'âge de la population. Le terme est cependant utilisé avec la montée du sentiment anti-américain en 1923 pour critiquer la conduite des Américains en France, notamment les bagarres et les expulsions de clients noirs imputées au « préjugé de race » américain. On affirme ainsi que Montmartre ne sera pas la colonie des Apaches